Jharkhand

About Jharkhand

After long years struggle movement the state of Jharkhand came into existence as the 28th state of India. Jharkhand became a functioning reality on 15th November 2000. The founder of Jharkhand state Bihar reformation bill was passed by the lok sabha on 2nd August, 2000 and by the Rajya sabha on 11th August, 2000 came into enforcement and became on act with the approval of the President on 28th August, 2000. Jharkhand shares its border with the state of Bihar to the north, Utter Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west Orissa to the south and west Bengal to the east. The people in Jharkhand have the advantage of being culturally vibrant, as reflected in the diversity of languages spoken, festivals celebrated, and variety of folk music, dances, and other traditions of performing arts.



Important Facts
  • 15 Nov 2000: Foundation Day of Jharkhand
  • Lok Sabha members from Jharkhand: 14
  • Rajya Sabha members from Jharkhand: 06
  • Strength of Jharkhand Assembly:82 (81 elected, 1 nominated)
  • Total Area: 79714 sq km
  • No. of Divisions: 5
  • No. of Sub-divisions: 38
  • No. of Districts: 24
  • No. of Blocks: 260
  • No. of Municipal Corporation: 3(Ranchi,Dhanbad,Deoghar)
  • No. of Central University: 1(Central University of Jharkhand)
  • No. of University: 8 (Ranchi University, Vinoba Bhave University, Sido Kanhu Murmu University, Birsa Agriculture University, Nilamber Pitamber University, Kolhan University, Vinod Mahto University, Raksha Shakti University)
  • No. of IIT:1 (Indian School of Mines Dhanbad)
  • No. of Deemed Universities:1 (Birla Institute of Technology Mesra)
  • No. of Medical Colleges: 3 (Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences Ranchi,Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College Jamshedpur, Patliputra Medical College Dhanbad)
  • Engineering College: BIT (Sindri), BIT (MESRA), NIT (Jamshedpur)
  • Management College: Indian Institute Of Management (Ranchi), BIT (MESRA), BIT Extension Center (Ranchi), XISS Ranchi, XLRI Jamshedpur, ISM Dhanbad, NILAI (Ranchi), USHA MARTIN Academy (Ranchi)
  • Sex Ratio: (948 female Per 1000 male)
  • Literacy: 67.63%
  • Population: 3,29,88,134 (Census 2011)
  • Main Languages: Hindi, Santali, Ho, Mundari, Kuduk, Nagpur, Sadri, Karmali, Urdu, Bangla and Odia
  • Most Sacred Tree: Sal
  • State Flower: Palash
  • State Bird: Cuckoo (koel)
  • State Animal: Elephant
  • Main Tribals: Santhal, Oraon, Ho, Munda, Kharia, Kharwar etc.
  • Main Rivers: North Koel, South Koel, Damodar, Swarnrekha, Barakar, Ajaya
  • Main Water Falls: Dassam Falls, Hirni Falls, Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Panchghagh Falls, Usri Falls, Sita Falls
  • Festivals:Durga Puja, Diwali, Chhath, Karma, Sarhul, Tusu, Holi, Ram Navami, Sohrai, Rath Yatra etc.
  • Fairs: Shrawani Mela, Murmu Mela, Rath Yatra
  • Power Plants: Damodar Valley Corporation, Swarnrekha Hydel Plant, Patratu Thermal, Bokaro Thermal and Chandrapura Thermal
  • Minerals: Coal, Iron Ore, Aluminium, Magnese, coal, Uranium, Tin, Mica, Bauxite